Manipulation, Mobilization, Massage and Traction in Pain Management
Of the greater than 200 clinical therapies available to address back pain, none is more studied than spinal manipulation. The past decade has seen an explosion in the mainstream integration of physical modalities such as spinal manipulation and mobilization, massage and spinal traction for the management of common musculoskeletal pain. The growing role of physical modalities in the treatment of pain is at least partly related to the relative ineffectiveness and/or risks of traditional treatments such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), acetaminophen, and muscle relaxants. Concerns surrounding medical therapy are especially true for opioids, which may be no more effective in musculoskeletal pain than safer classes of drugs. The benefit of including physical modalities centers on their favorable side effect profile and high rates of patient satisfaction.
KeywordsPain Chronic pain Spine Musculoskeletal Manipulation Mobilization Massage Traction Osteopathic Chiropractic
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