Advertisement

Pain pp 1041-1045 | Cite as

Temperature Modalities

  • Markus Jackson
  • Alaa Abd-ElsayedEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Heat and cold modalities are important tools in the treatment of various types of pain. Presented are several heat and cold modalities, their mechanisms, and their uses.

Keywords

Conduction Convection Conversion Hydrocollator packs Circulating water heating pads Chemical heating packs Reusable microwavable heating pads Paraffin baths Hydrotherapy Fluidotherapy Ultrasound Shortwave diathermy Microwave diathermy Icepacks and slushes Iced whirlpools Ice rubs Evaporative cooling sprays Chemical ice packs 

References

  1. 1.
    Manske RC, Davies GJ. A nonsurgical approach to examination and treatment of the patellofemoral joint: part 2. Pathology and nonsurgical management of the patellofemoral joint. Crit Rev Phys Rehabil Med. 2003;15(3/4):253–93.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    HYDROCOLLATOR steam packs accepted. JAMA. 7. 1951;145(7):487.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Waldman SD. Pain management. Philadelphia: Saunders an imprint of Elsevier; 2011.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Rose S, Draper D, Schulthies S, et al. The stretching window part two: rate of thermal decay in deep muscle following 1-MHz ultrasound. J Athl Train. 1996;31:139–43.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Giorgi AZ. Diathermy; 2017, January. Retrieved from https://www.healthline.com/health/diathermy#definition1.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anesthesiology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public HealthMadisonUSA

Personalised recommendations