Pain pp 81-82 | Cite as

Effects of Analysis on the Clinical Applicability of Study Results

  • Aaron S. HessEmail author
  • Alaa Abd-Elsayed


The analysis of a clinical study has a profound impact on its results. In interventional studies, it is important to include all recruited patients in an ‘intention-to-treat’ analysis in order to avoid bias and lost information. All clinical research studies should have prospectively written data analysis plans created by a person with statistical expertise in order to ensure that appropriate tests are used.


Statistical analysis Applicability Validity Intention-to-treat Parametric statistics Non-parametric statistics 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public HealthMadisonUSA

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