Advertisement

Pain pp 777-780 | Cite as

Nerve Entrapments of the Lower Extremity

  • Jay Karri
  • George C. Chang Chien
  • Alaa Abd-ElsayedEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Lower extremity compression neuropathies can produce pain, sensory, and/or motor deficits. Nerve compression is often associated with repetitive overuse patterns specific to certain occupations, sports, or activities. Electrodiagnostics often carry high utility in diagnosing and localizing these syndromes. Conservative management using rest, activity modification, and rehabilitation can produce improvement in many cases. In severe or refractory cases, surgical intervention may be appropriate.

Keywords

Nerve entrapment Compression neuropathy EMG NCS 

References

  1. 1.
    Dong Q, et al. Entrapment neuropathies in the upper and lower limbs: anatomy and MRI features. Radiol Res Pract. 2012;2012:1–12.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Schulte-Mattler WJ, Grimm T. Common and not so common nerve entrapment syndromes: diagnostics, clinical aspects and therapy. Nervenarzt. 2015;86(2):133–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Beltran LS, et al. Entrapment neuropathies III: lower limb. Seminars in musculoskeletal radiology. Vol. 14. No. 05. Thieme, New York City; 2010.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Stewart J, Burguel P. Other mononeuropathies of the upper lims. Neuromuscular function and disease; basic clinical and electrodiagnostic. Saunders, Philadelphia; 2002. p. 937–54.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    McCrory P, Bell S, Bradshaw C. Nerve entrapments of the lower leg, ankle and foot in sport. Sports Med. 2002;32(6):371–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cimino WR. Tarsal tunnel syndrome: review of the literature. Foot Ankle. 1990;11(1):47–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jay Karri
    • 1
  • George C. Chang Chien
    • 2
  • Alaa Abd-Elsayed
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationBaylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Ventura County Medical CenterVenturaUSA
  3. 3.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public HealthMadisonUSA

Personalised recommendations