Pain pp 733-737 | Cite as

Shoulder Joint Pain

  • Peter A. Gold
  • Mark R. Jones
  • Alan David KayeEmail author


Owing to an extensive range of motion, the stability of the shoulder joint depends heavily on important ligament and muscular attachments. Overuse or acute injuries to any of these structures predisposes to the pathologic conditions of shoulder pain and instability. Isolation of anatomic structures through physical exam is crucial to develop a differential diagnosis and treatment plan.


Humerus Glenoid Rotator cuff Impingement Shoulder instability 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter A. Gold
    • 1
  • Mark R. Jones
    • 2
  • Alan David Kaye
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Long Island Jewish Medical Center (Northwell Health/Hofstra University)QueensUSA
  2. 2.Beth Israel Deaconess Medical CenterBostonUSA
  3. 3.Department of AnesthesiaLSUHSCNew OrleansUSA

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