Pain pp 689-691 | Cite as

Comprehensive Evaluation and Management

  • Ali ZahranEmail author


Musculoskeletal pain (MSP) is a nociceptive pain syndrome that may be associated with neuropathies and has variable types and presentations. Many individuals experience one or more types of MSP at least once in their life. Muscle, ligament, tendon, bone and joints serve as pain generators. Low back, neck and shoulder, knee arthritis, tendinopathy, fractures and myalgias have been considered as MSP types. The following review will discuss the causes, risk factors, clinical presentation, diagnostics and treatment options of musculoskeletal pain.


Musculoskeletal pain Nociceptive pain Neuropathies 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anesthesia and Pain ManagementEmirates Speciality HospitalDubaiUAE

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