The Complexities of Human Suffering

  • Timothy James Bowyer


The first chapter introduces the reader to the problem of human suffering and how its resistance to conceptualization has led to the lack of any emotional engagement with the context in which people live and the subjective experiences of physical and mental suffering. To engage with what shapes local reality and helps us to understand the actual experience of suffering and the specific factors that give rise to it is argued that we need to recognise the need for a broader, more holistic set of interpretations, no matter their disciplinary origin.

To better understand how suffering makes people change the way they think, feel and act it is argued that we need to engage with the emotional consequences of suffering and the environment within which it is experienced. This is because it enables us to better understand and anticipate the diversity of beliefs and behaviour by engaging with the subjective.


Definitions Dehumanization Context Multi-disciplinary Assumptions Power Culture Powerlessness Stress Identity Violence Injustice Oppression Psychology Force 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Timothy James Bowyer
    • 1
  1. 1.SwanseaUK

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