Advertisement

Why Focusing on Urban Climate Change Resilience in Southeast Asia Is Relevant and Urgent

  • Amrita G. DaniereEmail author
  • Matthias Garschagen
  • Pakamas Thinphanga
Chapter
Part of the The Urban Book Series book series (UBS)

Abstract

This volume brings together primary research conducted in secondary cities of Southeast Asia. It provides readers with improved knowledge regarding issues of vulnerability, governance, and climate resilience. The goal of the book and the Urban Climate Resilience in South East Asia (UCRSEA) project is to suggest possible next steps, even as urban systems are dramatically changing in the face of socioeconomic and environmental challenges. The chapter summarizes specific examples from the book drawn from Cambodia, Myanmar, Vietnam, and Thailand. As the authors document, urban citizens most directly affected by climate change lack access to power and need to be able to participate in the creation and implementation of climate-adaptation strategies if they are to be more effective.

Keywords

Urbanization Vulnerability Adaptation Resilience Governance 

References

  1. Adger WN, Hughes TP, Folke C, Carpenter SR, Rockström J (2005) Social-ecological resilience to coastal disasters. Science 309(5737):1036–1039CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Agard J, Schipper ELF, Birkmann J, Campos M, Dubeux C, Nojiri Y, Olsson L, Osman-Elasha B, Pelling M, Prather MJ, Rivera-Ferre MG, Ruppel OC, Sallenger A, Smith KR, St Clair AL, Mach KJ, Mastrandrea MD, Bilir TE (2014) Annex II: glossary. Climate change 2014: impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability. Part B: Regional aspects. In: Barros VR, Field CB, Dokken DJ et al (eds) Contribution of working group II to the fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, pp 1757–1776Google Scholar
  3. Ahsan R, Karuppannan S, Kellett J (2011) Climate migration and urban planning system: a study of Bangladesh. Environ Justice 4(3):163–170.  https://doi.org/10.1089/env.2011.0005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Asian Development Bank (2012) Asian Development outlook 2012: confronting rising inequality in Asia. Asian Development Bank. http://www.adb.org/publications/asian-development-outlook-2012-confronting-rising-inequality-asia
  5. Bahadur AV, Thornton H (2015) Analysing urban resilience: a reality check for fledging canon. Int J Urban Sustain Dev 7(2):196–212Google Scholar
  6. Barber BR (2013) If mayors ruled the world: dysfunctional nations, rising cities. Yale University Press, New HavenGoogle Scholar
  7. Birkmann J, Garschagen M, Kraase F, Quang N (2010) Adaptive urban governance: new challenges for the second generation of urban adaptation strategies to climate change. Sustain Sci 5(2):185–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Birkmann J, Welle T, Solecki W, Lwasa S, Garschagen M (2016) Boost resilience of small and mid-sized cities. Nat News 537(7622):605.  https://doi.org/10.1038/537605aCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cardona OD (2004) The need for rethinking the concepts of vulnerability and risk from a holistic perspective: a necessary review and criticism for effective risk management. In: Bankoff G, Frerks G, Hilhorst D (eds) Mapping vulnerability: disasters, development, and people. Earthscan Publications, London, Sterling, VA, pp 37–51Google Scholar
  10. Carpenter S, Walker B, Anderies JM, Abel N (2001) Scale mismatches in socio-ecological systems: causes, consequences, and solutions. Ecol Soc 11(1):14–35Google Scholar
  11. Chelleri L, Waters JJ, Olazabal M, Minucci G (2015) Resilience trade-offs: addressing multiple scales and temporal aspects of urban resilience. Environ Urbanization 27(10):181–198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dasgupta A, Beard VA (2007) Community driven development, collective action and elite capture in Indonesia. Dev Change 38(2):229–249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Davoudi S, Shaw K, Haider LJ, Quinlan AE, Peterson GD, Wilkinson C, Fünfgeld H, McEvoy D, Porter L (2012) Resilience: a bridging concept or a dead end? “Reframing” resilience: challenges for planning theory and practice interacting traps: resilience assessment of a pasture management system in northern afghanistan urban resilience: what does it mean in planning practice? Resilience as a useful concept for climate change adaptation? The politics of resilience for planning: a cautionary note. Plann Theor Pract 13(2):299–333CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Davoudi S, Brooks E, Mehmood A (2013) Evolutionary resilience and strategies for climate adaptation. Plann Pract Res 28(3):307–322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Evans JP (2011) Resilience, ecology and adaptation in the experimental city. Trans Inst Br Geogr 36(2):223–237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Folke C, Hahn T, Olsson P, Norberg J (2005) Adaptive governance of socio-ecological systems. Annu Rev Environ Resour 30(1):441–473CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Friend R, Moench M (2013) What is the purpose of urban climate resilience? Implications for addressing poverty and vulnerability. Urban Clim 6(December):98–113.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.uclim.2013.09.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Garschagen M (2014) Risky change? Vulnerability and adaptation between climate change and transformation dynamics in Can Tho City, Vietnam. Franz Steiner Verlag, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  19. Giddens A (2009) The politics of climate change. Polity, Cambridge, UK and Malden, MAGoogle Scholar
  20. Glaeser E (2011) Cities, productivity, and quality of life. Science 333(6042):592–594.  https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1209264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hambleton R (2015) Leading the inclusive city: place-based innovation for a bounded planet. Policy Press, Bristol, UK; Chicago, IL, USAGoogle Scholar
  22. Hasson S, Pascale S, Lucarini V, Böhner J (2016) Seasonal cycle of precipitation over major river basins in South and Southeast Asia: a review of CMIP5 climate models data for present climate and future climate projections. Atmos Res 180:42–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kelman I, Gaillard J, Lewis James, Mercer Jessica (2016) Learning from the history of disaster vulnerability and resilience research and practice for climate change. Nat Hazards 82(1):129–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kraas F (2003) Megacities as global risk areas. Petermanns Geogr Mitt 147(4):6–15Google Scholar
  25. Lebel L, Anderies JM, Campbell B, Folke C, Hadfield-Dodds S, Hughes TP, Wilson J (2006) Governance and the capacity to manage resilience in regional socio-ecological systems. Energy Soc 11(1):19–39Google Scholar
  26. Lebel L, Manuta JB, Garden P (2011) Institutional traps and vulnerability to changes in climate and flood regimes in Thailand. Reg Environ Change 11(1):45–58.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-010-0118-4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Manuta J, Khrutmuang S, Huaisai D, Lebel L (2006) Institutionalized incapacities and practice in flood disaster management in Thailand. Sci Cult 72:10–22Google Scholar
  28. Manyena SB (2006) The concept of resilience revisited. Disasters 30(4):434–450.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0361-3666.2006.00331.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Mehmood A (2015) Of resilience places: planning for urban resilience. Eur Plan Stud 24(2):407–419CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Mitlin D, Satterthwaite D (2013) Urban poverty in the global South: scale and nature. Routledge, Abingdon, Oxon, New York, NY. https://www.routledge.com/products/9780415624671
  31. Munton R (2003) Deliberative democracy and environmental decision-making. In: Berkhout F, Leach M, Scoones I (eds) Negotiating environmental change: new perspectives from social science. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK, pp 109–136Google Scholar
  32. Simonis UE (2011) Greening urban development: on climate change and climate policy. Int J Social Econ 38(11):919–928.  https://doi.org/10.1108/03068291111171423CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Solecki W, Pelling M, Garschagen M (2017) Transitions between risk management regimes in cities. Ecol Soc 22(2):38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Steele W, Maccallum D, Byrne J, Houston D (2012) Planning the climate-just city. Int Plann Stud 17(1):67–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Tyler S, Moench M (2012) A framework for urban climate resilience. Clim Dev 4(4):311–326.  https://doi.org/10.1080/17565529.2012.745389CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. United Nations (2017) New urban agenda. Available at http://habitat3.org/wp-content/uploads/NUA-English.pdf. Accessed 17 May 2017
  37. UN Habitat (2011) Cities and climate change: global report on human settlements 2011. Global Report on Human SettlementsGoogle Scholar
  38. UNDP (2012) One planet to share: sustaining human progress in a changing climate. Routledge, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  39. UNISDR [United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction] (2004) Living with risk. A global review of disaster reduction initiatives, 2004th edn. UN, New York, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  40. UN-DESA [United Nations Department for Economic and Social Affairs] (2018) World urbanization prospect: online data, country profiles. https://esa.un.org/unpd/wup/. Accessed 11 Feb 2018
  41. UNU-BEK (2017) World risk report 2017. www.WorldRiskReport.org
  42. Whitehead M (2013) Neoliberal urban environmentalism and the adaptive city: towards a critical urban theory and climate change. Urban Stud 50(7):1348–1367.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0042098013480965CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Wisner B, Blaikie P, Cannon T, Davis I (2004) At risk. Natural hazards, people’s vulnerability, and disasters, 2nd edn. Routledge, London, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  44. World Bank (2010) World development report 2010: development and climate change. Washington DC https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/4387

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amrita G. Daniere
    • 1
    Email author
  • Matthias Garschagen
    • 2
  • Pakamas Thinphanga
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Geography and PlanningUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Risk Management and Adaptive Planning (VARMAP), Institute for Environment and Human SecurityUnited Nations UniversityBonnGermany
  3. 3.Thailand Environment InstituteNonthaburiThailand

Personalised recommendations