Spine Surgery pp 649-657 | Cite as

Proximal Junctional Kyphosis Despite Best Efforts in Planning and Execution

  • Caglar Yilgor
  • R. Emre Acaroglu


Concepts in spinal deformity surgery as well as the instrumentation used to surgically treat spinal deformities has constantly been evolving in the last few decades. The biomechanics of the growing, grown and degenerated spine, and the biomechanical effects of the implants used are not yet fully understood. After instrumented fusion, the interchange between the instrumented and non-instrumented spinal segments are referred to as junctional area.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Caglar Yilgor
    • 1
  • R. Emre Acaroglu
    • 2
  1. 1.Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University School of Medicine, Department of Orthopedics and TraumatologyIstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Ankara Spine CenterAnkaraTurkey

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