Spine Surgery pp 621-630 | Cite as

Adjacent Segment Disease with 13 Years Follow Up and Five Operations

  • Jörg FrankeEmail author
  • S. Michalitsis


Adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) is defined as radiographic degenerative changes at a spinal level immediately cranial or caudal to the site of a previous fusion procedure. ASD can progress to adjacent segment disease a clinical phenomenon characterized by the presentation of new symptoms referable to the adjacent level, presumably related to the degenerative changes. The presented case should illustrate potential failure sources and indication as well as treatment management.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of OrthopedicsKlinikum MagdeburgMagdeburgGermany

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