Spine Surgery pp 345-352 | Cite as

Diagnostics and Treatment of C1/C2-Instability in Rheumatoid Arthritis

  • George K. Prezerakos
  • Adrian T. H. Casey


Rheumatoid arthritis is a systemic, autoimmune, inflammatory disease affecting the synovial joints, bones and ligaments. Though it mainly affects the small peripheral joints, the second most frequent disease locus is the cervical spine, as in itself comprises 32 synovial joints [1].


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • George K. Prezerakos
    • 1
  • Adrian T. H. Casey
    • 1
  1. 1.Victor Horsley Department of NeurosurgeryThe National Hospital for Neurology and NeurosurgeryQueen Square, LondonUK

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