Surgical Correction and Special Features in Traumatic and Congenital Kyphotic Deformities
The term kyphosis is derived from Greek and is used to describe a “hump”. As the word implies, in spine, it is used for sagittal spinal curves with anterior concavity. The normal spine has 2 areas physiologically aligned in kyphosis: the thoracic spine and the sacrum. Pathological kyphosis can be found in any part of the spine and can be due to a variety of etiologies including congenital or developmental anomalies, trauma, infection, inflammatory diseases or degenerative disc disease among others. It therefore can affect any age group. In this chapter, we will be presenting a clinical case of each etiology and discuss the rationale for treatment of kyphotic deformity in these scenarios. We will be reviewing the various surgical techniques available for each case, guide the reader through the decision making and discuss other relevant considerations.
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