Indications for Emergency Surgical Treatment
Indications to emergency surgical treatment in degenerative spinal conditions are limited to those conditions where a delay in surgical management may lead to potentially catastrophic and irreversible sequelae. Indeed, those conditions are rarely encountered during clinical practice. The most typical scenarios in the thoraco-lumbar region are cauda equina syndrome (CES) and progressive radicular motor deficit (PRMD), both primarily caused by degenerative lumbar pathology. Early surgical treatment may influence the partial or full recovery and the long-term outcome of concerned patients.
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