Treatment for Acute, Subacute and Chronic Low Back Pain

  • Ehab ShibanEmail author
  • Bernhard Meyer


Low back pain (LBP) has become the leading cause for living with disability in the world. In an analysis of two national surveys in the United States one third of U.S adult reported having LBP at least for 1 day during the last 3 months. In a national German survey 25% of women and 17% of men reported having LBP lasting for at least 3 months during the last year. LBP causes also a great financial burden to the health care system with high direct costs related to treatment as well as indirect costs due to sick leave or diminished productivity.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryKlinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität MünchenMunichGermany

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