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Cave Ecology pp 107-172 | Cite as

Diversity of Terrestrial Invertebrates in Subterranean Habitats

  • Louis Deharveng
  • Anne Bedos
Chapter
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 235)

Abstract

This chapter deals with the diversity of terrestrial cave invertebrates from the viewpoint of its contribution to global diversity and of the variety of morphological traits and life forms associated with cave habitats. We stress the low diversity of cave compared to non-cave fauna, its uneven taxonomic and geographic distribution, differences in its composition between temperate and tropical bioclimates, and its high originality, due to its richness in endemics, in large radiations and in relictual species. The main morphological traits linked to subterranean life as well as their relevance as markers of troglomorphy are discussed. Life forms classically used for describing morphological features of cave organisms are redefined in a larger context. The diversity patterns of the different subterranean groups are summarized in turn in the same perspective, with a focus on the magnitude of their taxonomic richness, of recent progress in their knowledge, and on life forms.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thanks Oana Moldovan for her tireless support during the redaction of this chapter, and colleagues who helped reviewing parts of the chapter: Brachyura (Peter Ng), Coleoptera (Arnaud Faille, Jean Orousset, Michel Perreau, Mingyi Tian), Collembola (Marko Lukić), Diplopoda (Sergei Golovatch), Gastropoda (Olivier Gargominy), Heteroptera (Wanzhi Cai), Oniscidea (Jana Bedek, Stefano Taiti), Opiliones (Adriano Kury), Orthoptera (Laure Desutter-Grandcolas), Pseudoscorpions, Acari and Palpigradi (Mark Judson). This contribution would have not been possible without all those who kindly gave us the permission to use their photos and illustrations.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Louis Deharveng
    • 1
  • Anne Bedos
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut de Systématique, Evolution, Biodiversité, ISYEB - UMR 7205 - CNRS, MNHN, UPMC, EPHE, Museum national d’Histoire naturelleSorbonne UniversitésParisFrance

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