Advertisement

Attitudes Towards the Right to Life and the Religiosity of Young People in Lithuania

  • Milda AlišauskienėEmail author
  • Aušra Maslauskaitė
Chapter
Part of the Religion and Human Rights book series (REHU, volume 4)

Abstract

This study analyzes the attitudes towards the right to life and the religiosity of young people (16–18 years old) in Lithuania. We will focus on euthanasia and abortion as two cases indicating attitudes of young people towards the possible limitation of the right to life. Abortion and euthanasia are rarely debated in public in Lithuania; from time to time conservative politicians and the Roman Catholic Church try to initiate such discussions, but they are not widely-supported. One of the public spheres open for this topic is religious education in public schools. Thus, the pupils are a relevant group to research attitudes to the right to life. The respondents of this empirical analysis were Lithuanian young people (n = 427). The findings indicate that respondents who regard religion as a personal matter show more liberal attitudes towards euthanasia and abortion, while those who have more traditional opinions about religiosity support its active participation in public life and express more conservative and prohibiting views on euthanasia and abortion. Contrary to our expectations, respondents who disapprove of abortion had a positive approach to women’s rights.

Keywords

Lithuania Right to life Abortion Euthanasia Religiosity Women’s rights Youth 

References

  1. Ališauskienė, M. (2012). Religious education in Lithuania. In D. H. Davis & E. Miroshnikova (Eds.), The Routledge international handbook of religious education (pp. 212–216). Oxon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  2. Ališauskienė, M., & Kuznecovienė, J. (2012). “Katalikų bažnyčios vaidmuo viešajame Lietuvos gyvenime: dalyvavimo formų kaita (1990–2010)” [The role of Catholic Church in public life of Lithuania: the change of forms of participation]. Filosofija. Sociologija, 23(2), 102–110.Google Scholar
  3. Ališauskienė, M., & Schröder, I. W. (Eds.). (2011). Religious diversity in post-soviet society. Ethnographies of Catholic hegemony and the new pluralism in Lithuania. Farnham: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  4. Breskaya, O., & Ališauskienė, M. (2017). Sociologizing religious freedom: Comparative study of attitudes among young people in Belarus and Lithuania. Religioni e Società, 87(1), 67–77.Google Scholar
  5. Brewington, D. V. (2013). Religion. In D. L. Brunsma, K. E. Iyall, & S. B. K. Gran (Eds.), The handbook of sociology and human rights (pp. 213–222). Boulder/London: Paradigm Publishers.Google Scholar
  6. Daukšaitė, I. (2015). Baudžiamųjų įstatymų, reglamentavusių atsakomybę už neteisėtą abortą Lietuvoje, raida. Teisė, 96, 25–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Glock, C. Y., & Stark, R. (1965). Religion and society in tension. Chicago: Rand McNally.Google Scholar
  8. Grzymala-Busse, A. (2015). Nations under god: How churches use their moral authority to influence policy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Juknevičius, S. (2000). Lietuvių moralinės vertybės: tarp Dievo ir Mamonos. Kultūrologija, 6, 192–211.Google Scholar
  10. Kraniauskas, L. (2009). Vyriškas ir moteriškas šeimos pasaulis: struktūros poveikis artapatumo konstravimo strategija? In S. V. Stankūnienė & A. Maslauskaitė (Eds.), Lietuvos šeima: tarp tradicijos ir naujos realybės (pp. 169–219). Vilnius: Socialinių tyrimų centras.Google Scholar
  11. Lietuvos statistikos departamentas (Statistics Lithuania). (2013). Lietuvos Respublikos 2011 metų gyventojų ir būstų surašymo rezultatai [Results of the 2011 Population and Housing Census of the Republic of Lithuania]. Vilnius: Lietuvos statistikos departamentas.Google Scholar
  12. Maslauskaitė, A. (2010). Lietuvos šeima ir modernybės projektas: prieštaros bei teoretizavimo galimybės. Filosofja. Sociologija, 21(4), 310–319.Google Scholar
  13. Nordenfelt, L. (2004). The varieties of dignity. Health Care Analysis, 12, 69–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Pace, E. (2009). The sociocultural and socio-religious origins of human rights. In P. B. Clarke (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of sociology of religion (pp. 432–448). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Simons, G., & Westerlund, D. (Eds.). (2015). Religion, politics and nation-building in post-communist countries. Oxon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  16. Streikus, A. (2012). The history of religion in Lithuania since the nineteenth century. In M. Ališauskienė & I. W. Schröder (Eds.), Religious diversity in post-soviet society. Ethnographies of catholic hegemony and the new pluralism in Lithuania (pp. 37–76). Farnham: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  17. Trzebiatowska, M., & Bruce, S. (2016). Why women are more religious than men? Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  18. van der Ven, J. A., Dreyer, J. A., & Pieterse, H. J. C. (2004). Is there a god of human rights? Leiden/Boston: Brill.Google Scholar
  19. Wolterstorff, N. P. (2012). Christianity and human rights. In J. White Jr. & C. M. Green (Eds.), Religion and human rights. An introduction (pp. 42–55). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Ziebertz, H.-G., Döhnert, S., & Unser, A. (2017). Predictors of attitudes towards human dignity: an empirical analysis among youth in Germany. In H.-G. Ziebertz & C. Sterkens (Eds.), Religion and civil human rights in empirical perspective. Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  21. Žiliukaitė, R. (2000). Religinių vertybių kaita Lietuvoje 1990–1999 metais. Kultūrologija, 6, 213–251.Google Scholar
  22. Žiliukaitė, R., Poviliūnas, A., & Savicka, A. (2016). Lietuvos visuomenės vertybių kaita per dvidešimt nepriklausomybės metų [The changes of Lithuanian population values throughout the twenty years of independence]. Vilniaus universiteto leidykla.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Vytautas Magnus UniversityKaunasLithuania

Personalised recommendations