Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications of Biometric Technologies

  • Sudeep Tanwar
  • Sudhanshu Tyagi
  • Neeraj Kumar
  • Mohammad S. ObaidatEmail author


This chapter covers the ethical, legal, and social implications of biometric technologies, which include fingerprint scanning, facial geometry, footprint scanning, retina and iris patterns, DNA, and heart beat scanning, among others. The introduction part of the chapter will address the process of how to do the enrollment in biometric technology as well as the matching process. At the end of introduction, different biometric techniques and stacks have been given. The next section describes the legal implications of biometric technology to the society. Social issues and uses of biometric technology in government agencies are included in two distinct sections. Different standards formed by the European government were also summarized. The general perception about the biometric technology has been covered in this chapter. Lastly business ethics, biometric security, and a couple of case studies like megaproject UIDAI of India and the utilization of biometric-based security system for banking systems have been covered. By the end of this chapter, readers will get the information about ethical, legal, and social implications on the biometric technologies along with the detailed knowledge of megaproject UIDAI of India and the utilization of biometric-based security system for banking systems.


Ethical, legal, and social implications of biometrics Biometric technology Cryptosystem Fusion Multimodal biometrics 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sudeep Tanwar
    • 1
  • Sudhanshu Tyagi
    • 2
  • Neeraj Kumar
    • 3
  • Mohammad S. Obaidat
    • 5
    • 6
    • 7
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringInstitute of Technology, Nirma UniversityAhmedabadIndia
  2. 2.Department of Electronics & Communication EngineeringThapar Institute of Engineering and Technology Deemed to be UniversityPatialaIndia
  3. 3.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringThapar Institute of Engineering and Technology Deemed to be UniversityPatialaIndia
  4. 4.Fordham UniversityNew York CityUSA
  5. 5.ECE DepartmentNazarbayev UniversityAstanaKazakhstan
  6. 6.King Abdullah II School of Information Technology (KASIT), University of JordanAmmanJordan
  7. 7.University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB)BeijingChina

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