Legal and Political Analysis of Antipersonnel Landmines and Cluster Munitions Regimes
This chapter tackles two humanitarian disarmament regimes and their related prohibition politics: the global prohibition regime banning antipersonnel landmines and the global prohibition regime that bans cluster munitions. It opens with a legally oriented analysis charting evolution from what could be considered a relationship between general regulatory qualities of international humanitarian law and lex specialis regulating “special aspects” of this general corpus, namely the areas of APLs and CMs (in CCW Protocol V as a part of ERW) towards more robust prohibition regimes established through the APL and CM Conventions. Subsequently, the universality and robustness of those regimes is put under microscope, including norm observance by those outside of the regimes. A set of similarities in typifications of security and legal reasoning is displayed, especially the emergence of human rights as an ethical force and its convergence with humanitarian law as displayed through a still widening scope of victim assistance.
KeywordsProhibition regimes Humanitarianism Disarmament Landmines Cluster munitions NGOs Legal analysis
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