Advertisement

Political News Coverage of the 2015 Election Campaign in Croatia: Populism and Media

  • Marko Mustapić
  • Ivan Balabanić
  • Mateja Plenković
Chapter
Part of the Political Campaigning and Communication book series (PCC)

Abstract

This chapter presents the results of a study on the Croatian news media coverage of the 2015 election campaign. The analysis includes news pieces from leading print, online, and television news outlets focusing on the elections for the 8th Assembly of the Croatian Parliament. The key findings are: online media dominated in terms of the quantity of news pieces; there were high levels of personalization in all political parties’ campaigns and news coverage; inter-party conflict dominated the news and political discourse, while issues had less salience; and elements of populist rhetoric were strongly present in the news coverage.

References

  1. AEM. (2017). Gledanost TV programa—ožujak 2017 [TV Program Watch—March 2017]. Retrieved from http://www.e-mediji.hr/hr/novosti/gledanost-tv-programa-ozujak-2017/.
  2. Balabanić, I., & Mustapić, M. (2008). Medijska retorika u predizbornom razdoblju 2007. Analiza dnevnog tiska [Media rhetoric in the pre-election period 2007. Analysis of daily press]. Društvena istraživanja, 17(4–5), 647–669.Google Scholar
  3. Balabanić, I., & Mustapić, M. (2010). Politička komunikacija internetom u Hrvatskoj 2009. Analiza web portala izbornih kandidata za gradonačelnika: Zagreba, Splita, Rijeke i Osijeka [Political internet communication in Croatia 2009. Analysis of web portal of electoral candidates for the mayor: Zagreb, Split, Rijeka and Osijek]. Informatologia, 43(4), 307–316.Google Scholar
  4. Balabanić, I., Mustapić, M., & Rihtar, S. (2011). Amerikanizacija kampanje u hrvatskom dnevnom tisku: izbori 2007 [Americanization of campaigns in the Croatian daily press: 2007 elections]. Društvena istraživanja, 20(2), 359–378.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Balabanić, I., & Rihtar, S. (2015). Pilarov barometar hrvatskoga društva. Proljeće 2015 [Pilar Barometer of the Croatian Society. Spring 2015]. Zagreb: Institut društvenih znanosti Ivo Pilar.Google Scholar
  6. Baranović, B. (1995). Izbori ’95 na Hrvatskoj televiziji i u novinama [Elections ’95 on Croatian television and in newspapers]. Medijska istraživanja, 1(2), 163–182.Google Scholar
  7. Baranović, B. (1999). Predsjednički izbori ’97 na Hrvatskom radiju [Presidential elections ’97 on Croatian radio]. Medijska istraživanja, 5(1), 19–45.Google Scholar
  8. Benković, V., & Balabanić, I. (2010). Analiza sadržaja najposjećenijih hrvatskih internetskih portala [Content analysis of the most visited Croatian internet portals]. Medijska istraživanja, 16(2), 43–57.Google Scholar
  9. Bilić, P. (2012). Hrvatski medijski sustav između refleksivne modernizacije i medijatizacije: societalna i institucionalna analiza [Croatian media system between reflexive modernization and meditation: A societal and institutional analysis]. Društvena istraživanja, 21(4), 821–842.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Čular, G. (2005). Političke stranke i potpora demokraciji [Political parties and support for democracy]. In G. Čular (Ed.), Izbori i konsolidacija demokracije u Hrvatskoj [Elections and Consolidation of Democracy in Croatia] (pp. 123–179). Zagreb: Fakultet političkih znanosti.Google Scholar
  11. Derado, A. (2014). Populizam i kriza demokracije [Populism and the crisis of democracy]. Amalgam, 6–7, 19–36.Google Scholar
  12. Eurobarometer 71. (2009). Javno mnijenje u Europskoj Uniji/Proljeće 2009, Nacionalni izvještaj—Sažetak Hrvatska [Public Opinion in the European Union/Spring 2009, National Report—Summary Croatia]. Retrieved October 21, 2014, from http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/standard_en.htm.
  13. Eurobarometer 82. (2014). Media Use in the European Union: Report. Retrieved October 11, 2015, from http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/eb/eb82/eb82_media_en.pdf.
  14. Eurostat. (2016). Level of Internet Access—Households. Retrieved December 16, 2016, from http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&language=en&pcode=tin00134&plugin=1.
  15. Franičević, V. (2002). Politička i moralna ekonomija u prvom desetljeću tranzicije u Hrvatskoj [Political and moral economy in the first decade of transition in Croatia]. Politička misao, 39(1), 3–34.Google Scholar
  16. Gemius. (2017). Posjećenost internetskih stranica [Website Visits]. Retrieved from https://rating.gemius.com/hr/domains.
  17. Grbeša, M. (2010). Privatisation of politics in Croatia: Analysis of the 2003 and 2007 parliamentary elections. Medijska istraživanja, 16(2), 57–79.Google Scholar
  18. Grbeša, M., & Šalaj, B. (2014). Faces of Populism in Croatia. Retrieved January 9, 2015, from https://populism.byu.edu/SiteAssets/Salaj.Grbesa.pdf.
  19. Henjak, A. (2011). Stranačka mobilizacija i granice stranačke identifikacije u Hrvatskoj nakon 2000. godine [Electoral mobilization and boundaries of party identification in Croatia after elections 2000]. Političke perspektive, 1(1), 29–56.Google Scholar
  20. Holmes, S. (1996). Cultural legacies or state collapse? Probing the postcommunist dilemma. In M. Mandelbaum (Ed.), Postcommunism: Four Pesrpectives (pp. 22–76). New York: Council on Foreign Relations.Google Scholar
  21. Karajić, N. (2000). Politička modernizacija. Prilozi sociologiji hrvatskog društva [Political Modernization. Contributions to the Sociology of Croatian Society]. Zagreb: Hrvatsko sociološko društvo.Google Scholar
  22. Lalić, D. (1995). Pohod na glasače. Analiza sadržaja poruka predizbornih kampanja stranaka u Hrvatskoj 1990., 1992. i 1993. Godine [Call to the voters. Analysis of the content of pre-election campaigns of parties in Croatia in 1990, 1992 and 1993]. In S. Vrcan (Ed.), Pohod na glasače. Izbori u Hrvatskoj 1990–1993 [Call to the Voters. Elections in Croatia 1990–1993] (pp. 203–280). Split: PULS.Google Scholar
  23. Lalić, D. (2004). Obilježja pakiranja politike u izbornoj kampanji HDZ-a i SDP-a 2003 [Political packing characteristics in the HDZ and SDP election campaign 2003]. Politička misao, 41(1), 55–73.Google Scholar
  24. Lalić, D., & Grbeša, M. (2015). The 2014/2015 Croatian presidential election: Tight and far-reaching victory of political right. Contemporary Southeastern Europe, 2(1), 45–54.Google Scholar
  25. Lalić, D., & Kunac, S. (2005). Spotovi i glasovi: Usporedba televizijskog oglašavanja stranaka u izbornim kampanjama 2003. i 1995. u Hrvatskoj [Spot and vote: Comparison of television advertising of parties in electoral campaigns in 2003 and 1995 in Croatia]. In G. Čular (Ed.), Izbori i konsolidacija demokracije u Hrvatskoj [Elections and Consolidation of Democracy in Croatia] (pp. 37–122). Fakultet političkih znanosti: Zagreb.Google Scholar
  26. Matić, M. (2014). Ima li populizma u hrvatskoj politici? Analiza političkog djelovanja Milana Bandića i Željka Keruma [Is populism present in Croatian politics? An analysis of the political activities of Milan Bandić and Željko Kerum], Polemos 17(1–2), 167–181.Google Scholar
  27. Mihaljević, J. (2015). Liberalizacija i razvoj medija u komunističkoj Hrvatskoj 1960-ih i na početku 1970-ih [Liberalization and development of the media in communist Croatia in the 1960s and early 1970s]. Društvena istraživanja, 24(2), 239–258.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Milardović, A. (2004). Populizam i globalizacija [Populism and Globalization]. Zagreb: Centar za politološka istraživanja.Google Scholar
  29. Milas, G., & Burušić, J. (2004). Ideološki i sociodemografski profili glasača hrvatskih političkih stranaka: Ususret stabilnom političkom grupiranju? (Ideological and sociodemografhic profiles of voters of Croatian political parties: Towards stable political grouping?). Društvena istraživanja, 13(3), 347–362.Google Scholar
  30. Mudde, C. (2004). The populist zeitgeist. Government and Opposition, 39(4), 541–563.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Mustapić, M. (2017). Od očekivanja “nove Švicarske” do recesijskog iskustva EU: Obrisi socio-političkog konteksta afirmacije populizma u Hrvatskoj (From expectations of a “new Switzerland” to the recession experiences of the EU: The outlines of the socio-political context of the affirmation of populism in Croatia). Političke analize, 7(1), 3–8. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/index.php?show=clanak&id_clanak_jezik=266009.Google Scholar
  32. Mustapić, M., & Hrstić, I. (2016). Populizam u Hrvatskoj između ideologije i političkoga stila—temeljne odrednice predizborne retorike predsjedničkoga kandidata Ivana Vilibora Sinčića [Populism in Croatia between ideology and political style—the fundamental determinants of the pre-election rhetoric of presidential candidate Ivana Vilibora Sincic]. In I. Šarac (Ed.), Jezik, ideologija i sjećanje u suvremenom kontekstu [Language, Ideology and Memory in the Contemporary Context] (pp. 63–82). Mostar: Filozofski fakultet Sveučilišta u Mostaru.Google Scholar
  33. Mustapić, M., & Hrstić, I. (2017). Croatia—The rise of populism on the path from communism to European integration. In T. Aalberg, F. Esser, C. Reinemann, J. Stromback, & C. De Vreese (Eds.), Populist Political Communication in Europe (pp. 274–284). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  34. Peruško, Z. (2012). Medijski sustav u Hrvatskoj: od autoritarnog do mediteranskog modela [Media system in Croatia: From authoritarian to Mediterranean model]. In V. Puljiz, S. Ravlić, & V. Visković (Eds.), Hrvatska u Europskoj uniji: kako dalje? [Croatia in the European Union: How to Go Further] (pp. 437–475). Zagreb: Centar za demokraciju i pravo Miko Tripalo.Google Scholar
  35. Šalaj, B. (2012a). Suvremeni populizam [Contemporary populism]. Anali Hrvatskog politološkog društva, 9(1), 21–49.Google Scholar
  36. Šalaj, B. (2012b). Što je populizam? [What is populism?]. Političke analize, 3(3), 55–61.Google Scholar
  37. Šalaj, B. (2013). Jesu li Hrvatski laburisti populisti i je li populizam nužno loš? [Are Croatian labourers populist and is populism bad?]. Političke analize, 4(1), 17–22.Google Scholar
  38. Salgado, S. (with contributions of Balabanic, I., Garcia-Luengo, Ó., Mustapic, M., Papathanassopoulos, S., Stępińska, A.). (2015). Election news in six European countries: What is covered and how?—Study for research project. Retrieved from http://repositorio.ul.pt/handle/10451/29827
  39. Vilović, G. (2003). Istraživačko novinarstvo, tabloidizacija i etika [Research journalism, tabloidization and ethics]. Društvena istraživanja, 12(6), 957–974.Google Scholar
  40. Vozab, D. (2014). Tisak u krizi: analiza trendova u Hrvatskoj od 2008. do 2013 [Press in crisis: trend analysis in Croatia from 2008 to 2013]. Medijske studije, 5(2), 139–147.Google Scholar
  41. Županov, J. (1995). Poslije potopa [After the Flood]. Zagreb: Nakladni zavod Globus.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marko Mustapić
    • 1
  • Ivan Balabanić
    • 2
  • Mateja Plenković
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Social Sciences Ivo PilarZagrebCroatia
  2. 2.Catholic University of CroatiaZagrebCroatia

Personalised recommendations