Rectal prolapse is a common ailment that can be very distressing to those affected. It will be encountered relatively commonly by the practicing surgeon. Often patients have suffered for years before seeking medical care due to the embarrassment associated with this condition. Disease is often associated with derangements in bowel function such as fecal incontinence or constipation. It may also be associated with other pelvic floor disorders, often warranting multidisciplinary workup. It is essential to have a basic understanding of the workup and surgical treatment of this condition due to the varied presentations and multitude of available surgical options. This chapter serves to provide that basis with an easy-to-navigate algorithm and brief narrative.
KeywordsRectal prolapse Ventral rectopexy Resection rectopexy Suture rectopexy Perineal proctosigmoidectomy Fecal incontinence