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Management of Large Bowel Obstruction

  • Audrey S. Kulaylat
  • David B. StewartJr.Email author
Chapter

Abstract

Large bowel obstruction (LBO) can occur due to both benign and malignant diseases and may present with acute or indolent onset of symptoms. In patients with a perforation, emergent surgery should be pursued and will usually involve a segmental or subtotal colectomy with an ileostomy. In patients without these signs, and for whom the diagnosis is unclear, contrast enemas, CT scans, and endoscopy are useful in determining the etiology and severity of the obstruction. Management of LBO is dependent upon the underlying etiology and may include supportive measures, endoscopic interventions (with or without the placement of colonic stents), or surgical resection.

Keywords

Diverticular stricture Ischemic colitis Malignant obstruction Colonic stents 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgeryPenn State Milton S. Hershey Medical CenterHersheyUSA
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryBanner University Medical Center – TucsonTucsonUSA

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