Management of Hypercalcemia

  • Robert S. Schoaps
  • Sprague W. HazardIIIEmail author


Although the differential for hypercalcemia in the surgical patient is broad, a stepwise approach to the diagnosis and management will ensure adequate management of this common electrolyte abnormality. Hyperparathyroidism and malignancy account for 90% of hypercalcemic patients. Treatment is largely etiology specific and may be altered based on the presence or absence of associated symptoms.


Calcium Electrolyte abnormalities Hypercalcemia Hyperparathyroidism Parathyroid hormone Vitamin D 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative MedicinePenn State Hershey Medical CenterHersheyUSA

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