Management of Hypocalcemia

  • Robert S. Schoaps
  • Sprague W. HazardIIIEmail author


Hypocalcemia is a common finding in the surgical patient population. It may be associated with, or even caused by, other electrolyte abnormalities. Although acute management typically involves calcium replacement therapy, a systematic approach is vital to ensure the inciting etiology is identified and addressed.


Calcium Electrolyte abnormalities Hypocalcemia Magnesium Phosphorous Vitamin D 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative MedicinePenn State Hershey Medical CenterHersheyUSA

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