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Goiter

  • Lukasz CzerwonkaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Management of thyroid goiter can be challenging as it often presents in older individuals where a balance between risks and benefits of surgery must be considered. Patients with toxic nodules, airway compression, concern for malignancy, significant cosmetic deformity, and persistent growth should be considered for surgery.

Keywords

Toxic goiter Multinodular goiter Substernal goiter Airway compromise Radioactive iodine 

References

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    Ross DS, Burch HB, Cooper DS, Greenlee MC, Laurberg P, Maia AL, et al. 2016 American Thyroid Association Guidelines for diagnosis and management of hyperthyroidism and other causes of thyrotoxicosis. Thyroid. 2016;26(10):1343–421.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Haugen BR, Alexander EK, Bible KC, Doherty GM, Mandel SJ, Nikiforov YE, et al. 2015 American Thyroid Association Management Guidelines for adult patients with thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer: The American Thyroid Association Guidelines task force on thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer. Thyroid. 2016;26(1):1–133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Wesche MF, Tiel-v Buul MM, Lips P, Smits NJ, Wiersinga WM. A randomized trial comparing levothyroxine with radioactive iodine in the treatment of sporadic nontoxic goiter. J Clin Endocrinol Metabol. 2001;86(3):998–1005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck SurgeryStony Brook University HospitalStony BrookUSA

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