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Public Health and International Epidemiology for Radiology

  • Krit Pongpirul
  • Matthew P. Lungren
Chapter

Abstract

The role of radiology has expanded from diagnosis and treatment of individual patients to disease surveillance and prevention at the population level. This chapter introduces a collection of definitions of public health and then describes its link with radiology using selected evidences. Digitization of health information, especially imaging studies, is the key change of concept of radiology from an independent entity to one that is interconnected with a broad range of public health entities. Specific examples include radiological screening technologies for breast, colorectal, and lung cancers as well as infectious diseases like tuberculosis. Also discussed is the relationship between radiology and the health of the public with emphasis on radiation safety.

Keywords

Radiology Public health Public health informatics Machine learning Mass chest X-ray Mammography Computed tomographic colonography Radiation exposure 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Krit Pongpirul
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Matthew P. Lungren
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Faculty of MedicineChulalongkorn UniversityBangkokThailand
  2. 2.International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public HealthBaltimoreUSA
  3. 3.Bumrungrad International HospitalBangkokThailand
  4. 4.Department of RadiologyStanford University School of MedicineStanfordUSA
  5. 5.Lucile Packard Children’s HospitalStanford University Medical CenterPalo AltoUSA
  6. 6.Department of RadiologyStanford UniversityPalo AltoUSA

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