The Political Economy of Thermidor in Syria: National and International Dimensions



It is widely understood that the social base for discontent with the Syrian government emerged amongst impoverished Sunni rural areas and slums surrounding mid-size cities. This chapter traces the disembedding through which the social policies upon which the Ba’ath initially emplaced were slowly rolled back. It situates the Ba’ath pact with the peasantry in the world-historical context of Arab nationalism and the global rise of anti-systemic movements from 1917 onwards. It traces developmental decay—the policy changes and political ecology through which the Ba’ath gradually broke its alliance with the peasantry and the urban working class. Instead of limiting this passive revolution to the national plane, I situate it in a wider historical arc within which the gains of the Arab nationalist movements all slowly evaporated.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Max Ajl
    • 1
  1. 1.Cornell UniversityIthacaUSA

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