• Donato ZarrilliEmail author
Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)


The entire electricity system is undergoing a dramatic transformation driven mainly by challenging environmental and economic targets set out by government policies worldwide. It is straightforward that new technical architecture along with different market mechanisms is required in the future scenario that will enable smart grids to accommodate the intermittency and the relevant uncertainty of renewable generation.


  1. 1.
    Beecher JA, Kalmbach JA (2012) Climate change and energy. U.S, National Climate Assessment Midwest Technical Input ReportGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    International Energy Agency (2015) Energy and climate change. World Energy Outlook Special ReportGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kasemir B, Dahinden U, Swartling ÅG, Schüle R, Tabara D, Jaeger CC (2000) Citizens perspectives on climate change and energy use. Glob Environ Change 10(3):169–184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pepermans G, Driesen J, Haeseldonckx D, Belmans R, Haeseleer WD (2005) Distributed generation: definition, benefits and issues. Energy Policy 33(6):787–798Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Willis HL (2000) Distributed power generation: planning and evaluation. CRC PressGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Boyle G (2012) Renewable electricity and the grid: the challenge of variability. EarthscanGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Phuangpornpitak N, Tia S (2013) Opportunities and challenges of integrating renewable energy in smart grid system. Energy Proced 34:282–290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Farhangi H (2010) The path of the smart grid. IEEE Power Energ Mag 8(1):18–28MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ipakchi A, Albuyeh F (2009) Grid of the future. IEEE Power Energ Mag 7(2):52–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Losi A, Mancarella P, Vicino A (2015) Integration of demand response into the electricity chain: challenges, opportunities and smart grid solutions. WileyGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Informazione e Scienze MatematicheUniversità di SienaSienaItaly

Personalised recommendations