Country Development Stage and the Level of Corporate Social Disclosure

  • Simone R. BarakatEmail author
  • Greici Sarturi
  • Keysa Manuela Cunha de Mascena
Part of the AIB Latin America book series (AIBLAT)


This chapter aims to investigate the association between the country’s development stage and the level of corporate social disclosure of firms operating in these countries. The theoretical background includes a discussion on corporate social responsibility (CSR), corporate social disclosure (CSD) and the influence of country on CSR and CSD. We tested our research hypotheses using the five stages of development presented in the Global Competitiveness Report (GCR) and the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) reports of 144 countries. The findings confirm the hypotheses that there is a relationship between countries’ stages of development and the disclosure level of these countries. Our results show that countries in the first stages of development present a lower level of CSD, countries in middle stages are associated with average levels of CSD, and countries in the advanced stage present higher levels of CSD. We explain this association based on institutional issues and stakeholder pressures. Our chapter contributes to the understanding of the factors that may influence differences in disclosure among countries. Since most studies about CSD focus on characteristics at the firm level such as size, industry, and managers’ motivations, our study contributes by presenting evidence on the macro level.


Disclosure Country Development stage 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simone R. Barakat
    • 1
    Email author
  • Greici Sarturi
    • 1
  • Keysa Manuela Cunha de Mascena
    • 2
  1. 1.Business Administration DepartmentUniversity of São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.University of FortalezaFortalezaBrazil

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