Outcome-Based Training and the Role of Simulation

  • Ronit Patnaik
  • Dimitrios Stefanidis
Part of the Comprehensive Healthcare Simulation book series (CHS)


The traditional time-based model of surgical education can lead to uneven skill development among training surgical residents. With the current demands of surgical education, outcome-based training along with simulation provides an opportunity to fill in the gaps that the traditional model of training fails to address. Outcome-based training on simulators can lead to superior and uniform skill acquisition by trainees. This chapter describes the outcome-based training through the lens of the Dreyfus model of skill acquisition, explores the evidence behind outcome-based training paradigms, and addresses the challenges yet to be overcome.


Surgical simulation Outcome-based training Proficiency-based learning Competency-based learning Mastery learning Dreyfus model of skill acquisition 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of General SurgeryUniversity of Texas Health Sciences Center, San AntonioSan AntonioUSA
  2. 2.Vice Chair of Education, Department of SurgeryIndiana University, School of MedicineIndianapolisUSA

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