The Art of Teaching Postgraduates and Future Learners

  • Yasser El Miedany


Rheumatology requires interdisciplinary knowledge and awareness of new developments in internal medicine, immunology, orthopaedics, neurology/pain management, radiology, rehabilitation, psychiatry, nursing and professions allied to medicine. Surveys show that undergraduate medical students spend very few hours on the musculoskeletal system, both in basic science and in clinical training. This under-recognition of the importance of musculoskeletal medicine in undergraduate curricula of medical schools has reflected negatively on the graduated doctors’ skills and knowledge. Furthermore, with changing learners’ characteristics and learning environments, there has been high need to evolve rheumatology teaching for postgraduate doctors. The shift to competency-based medical education has been an important transition that allowed postgraduate doctors to be active agents in their own learning by comparing their milestone assessment and feedback data to their personal learning plans.

This chapter will discuss challenges to the rheumatology education at the postgraduate level, the art and science of teaching postgraduates and future learners. It will expand to discuss competency-based medical education, the milestones, where are we now in postgraduate training and what needs to be done. It will conclude by discussing the use of innovations in postgraduate medical teaching.


Postgraduate education Teaching Competence-based medical education Innovation in education 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yasser El Miedany
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.King’s College London, Darent Valley HospitalDartfordUK
  2. 2.Rheumatology and RehabilitationAin Shams UniversityCairoEgypt

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