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Structure Loss

  • Ruta Maciulaitiene
  • Ingrida Januleviciene
Chapter

Abstract

Glaucoma is a multifactorial disease with progressive loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). Optic nerve head (ONH) is the main site of glaucomatous damage, with inferotemporal part being especially vulnerable to any mechanical force, because a dense bundle of RGCs axons enter ONH. Lamina cribrosa movement, distortion and collapse results in axonal damage. Loss of RGCs cause typical glaucomatous visual field defects. Continuous progression of the disease negatively affects a broad spectrum of everyday life activities, like good postural and balance control, walking, reading and driving. Ongoing structural glaucomatous changes negatively impact functional patients’ outcome, thus exacerbating their quality of life.

Therefore, the assessment of relationship between structure and function is one of the most important aspects to provide patients with best care. By evaluating the severity and progression of the disease in a timely manner, appropriate treatment regimen can be initiated for glaucoma patients.

Keywords

Glaucoma Structure loss Retinal ganglion cells loss Function loss Structure-function relationship 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ruta Maciulaitiene
    • 1
  • Ingrida Januleviciene
    • 1
  1. 1.Ophthalmology Department, Medical AcademyLithuanian University of Health SciencesKaunasLithuania

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