Advanced Approach for Rationalizing Port Security Inspection and Auditing Practice

  • Girish Gujar
  • Adolf K. Y. Ng
  • Zaili Yang
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Maritime Economics book series (PSME)


This chapter develops a novel fuzzy evidential reasoning (FER) approach to facilitate the quantitative analysis of PFSA and to rationalize port security inspection and auditing practice. It explains the need for effective port inspection and auditing, and also describes the requirements for PFSA under the ISPS Code’s regime. After then, the chapter illustrates and explains the novel PFSA methodology, including the supporting model, while its feasibility is also illustrated.


Novel fuzzy evidential reasoning Port security inspection ISPS Code PFSA 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Girish Gujar
    • 1
  • Adolf K. Y. Ng
    • 2
  • Zaili Yang
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of Business and ManagementBeijing Normal University-Hong Kong Baptist University United International CollegeZhuhaiChina
  2. 2.Department of Supply Chain ManagementAsper School of Business St. John’s College University of ManitobaWinnipegCanada
  3. 3.Department of Maritime & Mechanical EngineeringLiverpool John Moores UniversityLiverpoolUK

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