• Danielle C. Kushner


This chapter concludes the book. This chapter re-states the main findings of the book and discusses their implications. It also speaks to the generalizability of those findings. To test how well her theory applies across Africa, Kushner runs cross-national analyses of perceived state legitimacy and political participation with an Afrobarometer dataset of 32 African countries. The impact of non-state security, victimization, and insecurity remains robust and furthers our understanding of political attitudes and behavior across the continent. This chapter ends by discussing the limitations of this work and suggests directions for future research.


Non-state security Victimization Insecurity Political participation State legitimacy 


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  3. Singh, A.M. 2008. Policing and crime control in post-apartheid South Africa. Aldershot: Ashgate.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Danielle C. Kushner
    • 1
  1. 1.Political ScienceSt. Mary’s College of MarylandMarylandUSA

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