Explaining the Impact of Non-state Security, Victimization, and Insecurity on Voting in South Africa

  • Danielle C. Kushner


This chapter explores the impact of non-state security, victimization, and insecurity on voting in South Africa. The security variables examined here, to the extent that they have an effect, tend to suppress participation in electoral politics. I suggest that those who rely on non-state providers for security and those who have been victims of violent crime may have lost faith in their ability to affect change through elections in South Africa. The nature of the party system in South Africa may further contribute to this outcome.


Non-state security Victimization Insecurity Voting 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Danielle C. Kushner
    • 1
  1. 1.Political ScienceSt. Mary’s College of MarylandMarylandUSA

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