Assessing the Impact of Non-state Security, Victimization, and Insecurity on Social Capital and Collective Action in South Africa

  • Danielle C. Kushner


This chapter is the second empirical chapter. This chapter tests the influence of non-state security, victimization, and insecurity on joining and collective action in South Africa. While all three security factors play some role in shaping popular participation, the impact of these variables differs according to the type of participation under consideration.


Non-state security Social capital Collective action Victimization Insecurity 


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Danielle C. Kushner
    • 1
  1. 1.Political ScienceSt. Mary’s College of MarylandMarylandUSA

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