Introductory Chapter: Towards Leadership 4.0

  • Richard Kelly


This chapter is an introductory chapter that explores leadership 4.0 in the broader theoretical context of leadership and leadership development. Using a timeline, the chapter examines the evolution of modern organisational leadership from the perspective of four pillars of learning (behaviourism, cognitivism, constructivism, and connectivism) and links these learning theories and pedagogies to the four phases of leadership behaviour (natural, directive, relational, and responsive). The chapter explores the role theory has played in shaping modern definitions and interpretations of leadership, and concludes that this new phase of leadership will require a clean break from traditional theories and pedagogies towards a theory of connectivism that promotes collaborative, swarm, and responsive leadership behaviours.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard Kelly
    • 1
  1. 1.Leadership IssuesKentUK

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