Innovative Approaches in the Delivery of Eye Care: Children

  • Rohit C. KhannaEmail author
  • Maria Vittoria Cicinelli
  • Vijaya K. Gothwal
  • Clare Gilbert
Part of the Essentials in Ophthalmology book series (ESSENTIALS)


The control of blindness in children is a high priority for VISION2020. However, demographic differences and variation in levels of socioeconomic development, both of which influence the epidemiology of blindness in children, vary from country to country. This means that each country needs to understand the leading causes of blindness and visual impairment and develop appropriate strategies for control. This chapter highlights some models for eye care delivery in children especially regarding uncorrected refractive error (URE), congenital and developmental cataract, and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) as well as for low vision and rehabilitation.


Childhood blindness Uncorrected refractive error Retinopathy of prematurity Childhood cataract Low vision Rehabilitation Comprehensive eye care 



We are most grateful to Dr Rahul Ali, Hasan Minto, Dr Andrea Zin, Dr Subhadra Jalali, Dr Anand Vinekar and Dr Paul Courtright for their contribution to different sections in this chapter.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rohit C. Khanna
    • 1
    Email author
  • Maria Vittoria Cicinelli
    • 2
  • Vijaya K. Gothwal
    • 3
    • 4
  • Clare Gilbert
    • 5
  1. 1.L V Prasad Eye InstituteHyderabadIndia
  2. 2.Department of OphthalmologyUniversity Vita-Salute, Scientific Institute San RaffaeleMilanItaly
  3. 3.Brien Holden Eye Research CentreL V Prasad Eye InstituteHyderabadIndia
  4. 4.Meera and L B Deshpande Centre for Sight Enhancement, Institute for Vision RehabilitationL V Prasad Eye InstituteHyderabadIndia
  5. 5.International Centre for Eye Health, Department of Clinical ResearchLondon School of Hygiene & Tropical MedicineLondonUK

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