Healthcare Systems: India

  • Satish Rudrappa
  • Deepak Venkatesh Agarkhed
  • Sushrut S. Vaidya


The modern Indian healthcare system has transformed from a solid foundation of ancient Ayurveda practice. The current healthcare system in India comprises a set of public and private institutions, controlled by the state government, the central government and private organizations. While government spending is reserved for only those institutions owned and run by the central and state governments, India’s dynamic medical structure is dominated by those controlled by private organizations. There has been a rise in the public health sectors and the co-operative sector as well.

This chapter will review the public and private healthcare delivery systems in India. With respect to spine treatment, this chapter will focus on the healthcare received in this speciality and deliver statistics that would give the reader an overview of the healthcare system in India.


Healthcare system Indian healthcare delivery Private healthcare Public healthcare Ayurveda Yoga Spine surgery Healthcare device 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Satish Rudrappa
    • 1
  • Deepak Venkatesh Agarkhed
    • 2
  • Sushrut S. Vaidya
    • 3
  1. 1.Neurosciences DepartmentSakra World HospitalBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Sakra World HospitalBangaloreIndia
  3. 3.Economics DepartmentInternational College of Liberal Arts (iCLA)KofuJapan

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