A Method of Abstractness Ratings for Chinese Concepts

  • Xiaomei Wang
  • Chang SuEmail author
  • Yijiang Chen
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 840)


As a kind of semantic knowledge of words, abstractness shows the degree of abstraction of a concept. There are many databases rating the concreteness of English words; however, there is only a small amount of research on analyzing the abstractness (or concreteness) of Chinese concepts. In this paper, abstractness ratings are presented for Chinese concepts. Our method is semi-supervised. Concrete and abstract paradigm words are pre-built. The degree of abstractness is calculated by analyzing the semantic similarity of a word with two paradigms. This method also intuitively classifies the concepts into abstract or concrete categories, based on their abstract ratings. Experimental results are reasonable and in line with our cognition.


Degree of abstractness Similarity Classification of concepts 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Cognitive ScienceXiamen UniversityFujianChina
  2. 2.Department of Computer ScienceXiamen UniversityFujianChina

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