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Sharing Colonial Sovereignty? The Anglo-French Experience of the New Hebrides Condominium, 1880s–1930s

  • Hélène Blais
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Part of the Cambridge Imperial and Post-Colonial Studies Series book series (CIPCSS)

Abstract

This chapter examines the Franco-British condominium in the New Hebrides archipelago in light of recent works in spatial history and colonial territories. It investigates the modalities of shared sovereignty over common territory, building on the multiple plans for partition promulgated during the condominium. It examines the legal grounds of this rule, the practical distribution of colonial authority, and how attempts at separation drove new ideas of colonial territory and power. This cosovereignty requires rethinking the classic opposition between the British and French colonial empires, taking into account the multiplicity of agents involved, including New Caledonian and Australian intermediaries. This study analyzes bilateral conventions and agreements signed between France and Great Britain between 1878 and 1926, as the two powers ruled as frenemies together. It examines those conventions with regard to local practices, including the various partition plans offered throughout the period by sailors, diplomats, and settler groups.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hélène Blais
    • 1
  1. 1.École Normale Supérieure-PSL, IHMCParisFrance

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