Evaluation of Outdoor Visible Light Communications Links Using Actual LED Street Luminaries

  • Jupeng DingEmail author
  • Chih-Lin I
  • Chi Zhang
  • Baoshan Yu
  • Huicheng Lai
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10996)


In existing indoor & outdoor visible light communications (VLC) works, the LED luminaries are almost all modeled following conventional Lambertian beam pattern. However, for providing energy efficient illumination and controlling lighting pollution, the beam patterns of the commercially available LED street luminaries are almost all application-oriented designed which can only be profiled by more sophisticated mathematical representation. In this paper, for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, the link coverages of the outdoor VLC with actual LED street luminaries are modeled and evaluated. Numerical results identify that, compared to the conventional Lambertian case the beam pattern of typical actual LED street luminary is superior to concentrate the emitted power in the served cell by sharp cell edge, naturally limit the inter cell interference to quite low level and provide highly link quality uniformity within each cell.


Visible light communications LED street luminaries Angular intensity profile Optical wireless Link characteristics 



This work was supported in part by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants No. 61561048).


  1. 1.
    Do, T.H., Yoo, M.: Visible light communication based vehicle positioning using LED street light and rolling shutter CMOS sensors. Opt. Commun. 407, 112–126 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Yaqoob, I., Hashem, I.A.T., Mehmood, Y., Gani, A., Mokhtar, S., Guizani, S.: Enabling communication technologies for smart cities. IEEE Commun. Mag. 55(1), 112–120 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zhu, N., Xu, Z., Wang, Y., Zhuge, H., Li, J.: Handover method in visible light communication between the moving vehicle and multiple LED streetlights. Optik 125(14), 3540–3544 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Barry, J.R., Kahn, J.M., Krause, W.J., Lee, E., Messerschmitt, D.: Simulation of multipath impulse response for indoor wireless optical channels. IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 11(3), 367–379 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ding, J., I, C.-L., Xu, Z.: Indoor optical wireless channel characteristics with distinct source radiation patterns. IEEE Photonics J. 8(1), 1–15 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ding, J., Wang, K., Xu, Z.: Accuracy analysis of different modeling schemes in indoor visible light communications with distributed array sources. In: Proceedings 2014 9th International Symposium on Communication Systems, Networks Digital Signal Processing, Manchester, July, pp. 1005–1010 (2014)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Moreno, I., Avendaño-Alejo, M., Saucedo-A, T., Bugarin, A.: Modeling LED street lighting. Appl. Opt. 53(20), 4420–4430 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jupeng Ding
    • 1
    Email author
  • Chih-Lin I
    • 2
  • Chi Zhang
    • 1
  • Baoshan Yu
    • 1
  • Huicheng Lai
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Information Science and EngineeringXinjiang UniversityUrumqiChina
  2. 2.Green Communication Research CenterChina Mobile Research InstituteBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations