Empire Builders and Their Adversaries
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Covering the period 1830–1870, the section mostly addresses the effects of competition between British merchants based in Buenos Aires and Montevideo, the capital of Uruguay. The latter group attempted to form a territory dominated by the British in the large region between modern Uruguay and Paraguay. Conflict became most intense during the Anglo-French intervention of 1845–1846. The main events of this episode included another blockade of Buenos Aires directed against Governor Juan Manuel de Rosas, this time unsuccessful, and the naval expedition north along the Paraná River in which diplomat William Ouseley sought to organise a pro-British alliance to take over the country. Side issues include the British takeover of the Falkland Islands in 1833 and how the British community in Buenos Aires survived with little protection from the British government and Admiralty. The story concludes with the accommodation between the British and the Argentines leading to the area’s development as an economic satellite preserving full sovereignty.