Advertisement

Criminal Process as Mutual Accountability: Mass Incarceration, Carcerality, and Abolition

  • Stephen DarwallEmail author
  • William Darwall
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Ethics and Public Policy book series (PASEPP)

Abstract

Elsewhere, Stephen Darwall has argued for a mutual accountability framework of law and gestured toward a mutual accountability framework of punishment. Little was said, however, regarding what the latter conception of punishment would require, structurally and functionally. Here Stephen and William Darwall address these matters in the specific context of contemporary American policing and penal institutions. From historical and empirical work on the American carceral regime, they argue, first, that its institutions fail to meet accountability conditions necessary for their legitimacy. Second, they argue that these institutions are responsible for producing social dynamics that undermine the possibility of mutual accountability in general. They conclude that American carceral institutions lack the authority they purport to have to make and enforce the criminal law, and thus that any effort, theoretical or practical, to realize justice in the domain of criminal process, requires an abolitionist framework.

Bibliography

  1. Alexander, Michelle. (2010). Mass Incarceration in the Age of Color-Blindness. New York, NY: The New Press.Google Scholar
  2. Anderson, Elizabeth. (2016). “The Social Epistemology of Morality: Learning from the Forgotten History of the Abolition of Slavery,” in Miranda Fricker and Michael Brady, eds., The Epistemic Life of Groups: Essays in Collective Epistemology. Oxford: Oxford University PressGoogle Scholar
  3. Berger, Dan, Mariame Kaba, and David Stein. (2017). “What Abolitionists Do.” Jacobin Magazine. https://www.jacobinmag.com/2017/08/prison-abolition-reform-mass-incarceration.
  4. Bobo, Lawrence D, and Victor Thompson. (2010). “Racializing Mass Incarceration: Poverty, Prejudice, and Punishment,” in Hazel Markus and Paul Moya, eds., Doing Race: 21 Essays for the 21st Century. New York, NY: W. W. Norton & Co.Google Scholar
  5. Butterfield, Fox. (2002). “Study Finds Big Increase in Black Men as Inmates Since 1980,” The New York Times, August 28, 2002. https://www.nytimes.com/2002/08/28/us/study-finds-big-increase-in-black-men-as-inmates-since-1980.html.
  6. Carson, E. Ann. (2015). “Prisoners in 2014,” Bureau of Justice Statistics. https://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/p14.pdf.
  7. Clark, Kenneth B. (1967). Dark Ghetto: Dilemmas of Social Power, 2nd ed., William Julius Wilson, ed. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Clear, Todd R., and Natasha A. Frost. (2013). The Punishment Imperative. New York, NY: New York University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Coleman, Jules L., and Jody Kraus. (1986). “Rethinking the Theory of Legal Rights,” Yale Law Journal 95: 1335–1371.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Darwall, Stephen. (2006). The Second-Person Standpoint: Morality, Respect, and Accountability. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Darwall, Stephen. (2007). “Law and the Second-Person Standpoint,” Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review 40: 891–910. Reprinted in Darwall 2013a.Google Scholar
  12. Darwall, Stephen. (2010). “Justice and Retaliation,” Philosophical Papers 39: 315–341. Reprinted in Darwall 2013.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Darwall, Stephen. (2012). “Bipolar Obligation,” in Russ Shafer-Landau, ed., Oxford Studies in Metaethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Reprinted in Darwall 2013.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Darwall, Stephen. (2013). Morality, Authority, and Law: Essays in Second-Personal Ethics I. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Darwall, Stephen. (2016). “Making the Hard Problem of Moral Normativity Easier,” in Errol Lord and Barry Maguire, eds. Weighing Reasons, pp. 257–278. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Darwall, Stephen, and Julian Darwall. (2012). “Civil Recourse as Mutual Accountability,” Florida State University Law Review 39: 17–41. Reprinted in Darwall 2013.Google Scholar
  17. Davis, Angela Y. Davis. (2003). Are Prisons Obsolete? New York, NY: Seven Stories Press.Google Scholar
  18. Dotson, Kristie. (2017, February). “Beyond the Now: Epistemic Oppression and Carceral Common Sense.” Conference presentation at Philosophy and Mass Incarceration, Yale University.Google Scholar
  19. Douglass, Frederick. (1999). Frederick Douglass: Selected Speeches and Writings, ed. Philip S. Foner. Chicago, IL: Lawrence Hill Books.Google Scholar
  20. Dubois, W. E. B. (2014). Black Reconstruction in America, ed. Henry Louis Gates. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Feinberg, Joel. (1970). “The Expressive Theory of Punishment,” in Doing and Deserving. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Forman, James Jr. (2017). Locking Up Our Own. New York, NY: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.Google Scholar
  23. Gilmore, Ruth Wilson. (2007). Golden Gulag: Prisons, Surplus, Crisis, and Opposition in Globalizing California. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  24. Hampton, Jean. (1998). “The Retributive Idea,” in Jeffrie G. Murphy and Jean Hampton. Forgiveness and Mercy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  25. Hart, H. L. A. (1961). The Concept of Law. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  26. Haslanger, Sally. (2017). Critical Theory and Practice (The 2015 Spinoza Lectures (booklet)). Amsterdam: Koninklijke Van Gorcum.Google Scholar
  27. Hinton, Elizabeth. (2016a). From the War on Poverty to the War on Crime: The Making of Mass Incarceration in America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hinton, Elizabeth. (2016b). “From ‘War on Crime’ to War on the Black Community: the Enduring Impact of President Johnson’s Crime Commission,” Boston Review, June 21, 2016. http://bostonreview.net/us/elizabeth-hinton-kerner-commission-crime-commission.
  29. Hohfeld, Wesley Newcomb. (1923). Fundamental Legal Conceptions, ed. Walter Wheeler Cook. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  30. Hopkins, Ann. (1988). “Mens Rea and the Right to Trial by Jury,” California Law Review 76: 391–420.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Incite! Women, Gender Non-Conforming, and Trans people of Color*. (2014). “Community Accountability: How Do We Address Violence within Our Communities?” http://www.incite-national.org/page/community-accountability. Accessed 4.18.18.
  32. Irwin, John. (2004). The Warehouse Prison: Disposal of the New Dangerous Class. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  33. Muhammad, Khalil Gibran. (2010). The Condemnation of Blackness: Race, Crime, and the Making of Urban America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  34. Shelby, Tommie. (2016). Dark Ghettos. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Simon, Jonathan. (2007). Governing Through Crime: How the War on Crime Transformed American Democracy and Created a Culture of Fear. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  36. Smith, Adam. (1982). The Theory of Moral Sentiments, eds. D. D. Raphael and A. L. MacFie. Indianapolis: LibertyClassics.Google Scholar
  37. Strawson, P. F. (1968). “Freedom and Resentment,” in Studies in the Philosophy of Thought and Action. London: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  38. Tadros, Victor. (2009). “Poverty and Criminal Responsibility,” Journal of Value Inquiry 43: 391–413.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Taylor, Keeanga Yamahtta. (2016). From #BlackLivesMatter to Black Liberation. Chicago, IL: Haymarket Books.Google Scholar
  40. Thompson, Michael. (2004). “What Is It To Wrong Someone?: A :Puzzle About Justice,” in Reason and Value: Themes from the Philosophy of Joseph Raz, eds., R. Jay Wallace, Philip Pettit, Samuel Scheffler, and Michael Smith. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  41. Vitale, Alex. (2017). The End of Policing. Brooklyn, NY: Verso Books.Google Scholar
  42. Wacquant, Loïc. (2002). “From Slavery to Mass Incarceration: Rethinking the ‘Race Question’ in the United States,” New Left Review 13: 41–60.Google Scholar
  43. Wacquant, Loïc. (2010). “Class, Race, and Hyperincarceration in Revanchist America,” Daedelus 139: 74–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Wang, Jackie. (2018). Carceral Capitalism. South Pasadena, CA: Semiotext(e).Google Scholar
  45. Watson, Gary. (2015). “A Moral Predicament in the Criminal Law,” Inquiry 58: 168–188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Yaffe, Gideon. (2011). “Prevention and Imminence: Pre-punishment and Actuality,” San Diego Law Review 48: 1205–1228.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Yale UniversityNew HavenUSA
  2. 2.University of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

Personalised recommendations