Tailoring PCIT for Latino/a Families
The Latino/a community is a diverse population encompassing various races, cultural beliefs and practices, acculturation levels, and countries of origin. Many Latino/a families face challenges such as migration and acculturation stress, language barriers, separation from family members, disruption of support systems, discrimination, social inequalities, and poverty. These stressors place many Latino/a children at heightened risk for mental health issues. However, Latino/a families experience significant disparities in access to and quality of health services compared to non-Latino/a Caucasians, even when controlling for socio-demographic variables. In this chapter, we review research on the application of standard PCIT and adaptations of PCIT among Latino/a families, highlighting the advantages and challenges in implementation. A case example of PCIT with a Latino/a family is discussed. The most rigorous research suggests that PCIT is efficacious in treating Latino/a families with and without adaptations, and is readily tailored without altering its structure or core content. Multiple aspects of standard PCIT have been found to be consistent with cultural values within the Latino/a community. Necessary next steps include developing innovative ways to improve access to evidence-based services for families who need them.
KeywordsParent–child interaction therapy Latino/a families Behavioral parent training
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