Advertisement

On the Sources of Political Discontent in Europe

  • David Freyr Bjornsson
  • Gylfi Zoega
Conference paper

Abstract

We explore the pattern and sources of discontent when it comes to both the European Union and national governments in Europe in 2006 and 2014. We find that dissatisfaction with the state of the economy primarily affects the level of dissatisfaction with national governments, while unemployment and fear of immigration affects attitudes towards further European integration in 2014.

Keywords

Sudden stop Real exchange rates Demand compression 

JEL Code

F32 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the University of Iceland Research Fund.

References

  1. Autor, D. H., Dorn, D., & Hanson, G. H. (2016a). The China shock: Learning from labour market adjustment to large changes in trade, CEPR Discussion Paper No. 11054.Google Scholar
  2. Autor, D. H., Dorn, D., Hanson, G. H., & Majlesi, K. (2016b). Importing political polarization? The electoral consequences of rising trade exposure (no. w22637). National Bureau of Economic Research.Google Scholar
  3. Cheve, K., & Slaughter, M. J. (2004). Public opinion, international economic integration, and the welfare state, In D. R. Cameron, G. Ranis & A. Zinn (Eds.), Globalization and Self-Determination: Is the nation-state under siege? Routledge.Google Scholar
  4. Colantone, I., & Piero, S. (2016). The trade origins of nationalist protectionism: Import competition and voting behaviour in Western Europe, mimeo, Bocconi University.Google Scholar
  5. Curtice, J. (2016). A question of culture or economics? Public attitudes to the European Union in Britain, The Political Quarterly, 87(2).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dippel, C., Robert, G., & Stephan, H. (2015). Globalization and its (dis-) content: Trade shocks and voting behaviour, NBER Working Paper 21812.Google Scholar
  7. Dustmann, C., Barry, E., Sebastian, O., André, S., Guido, T., & Gylfi, Z. (2017). Europe’s Trust Deficit: Causes and Remedies, Monitoring European Integration 1. CEPR, LondonGoogle Scholar
  8. ESS Round 7: European Social Survey Round 7 Data (2014). Data file edition 2.1. NSD—Norwegian Centre for Research Data, Norway—Data Archive and distributor of ESS data for ESS ERIC.Google Scholar
  9. ESS Round 3: European Social Survey Round 3 Data (2006). Data file edition 3.6. NSD—Norwegian Centre for Research Data, Norway—Data Archive and distributor of ESS data for ESS ERIC.Google Scholar
  10. Eurobarometer (2016). “Future of Europe,” Special Eurobarometer 451. Retrieved 16 May 2017, from http://ec.europa.eu/COMMFrontOffice/publicopinion/index.cfm/Survey/getSurveyDetail/instruments/SPECIAL/surveyKy/2131.
  11. Foster, C., & Jeffrey, F. (2017). Crisis of trust: Socio-economic determinants of Europeans’ confidence in government. Harvard University Working Paper.Google Scholar
  12. Frieden, J. (2016). The crisis, the public, and the future of European integration. In Francesco, C., Centeno, M., & Jose T. (Eds.) After the crisis: Reform, recovery, and growth in Europe. Oxford University Press: Oxford.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Funke, M., Schularick, M., & Trebesch, C. (2016). Going to the extremes: Politics after financial crises, 1870–2014. European Economic Review, 88, 227–260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Guiso, L., Herrera, H., Morelli, M., & Sonno, T. (2017). Demand and supply of populism, mimeo.Google Scholar
  15. Hernandez, E., & Peter, H. (2016). The electoral consequences of the financial and economic crisis in Europe. European Journal of Political Research, 55(2), 203–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Ingelhart, R. F., & Pippa, N. (2016). Trump, Brexit, and the rise of populism: Economic have-nots and cultural backlash, Faculty Research Working Paper Series, Harvard Kennedy School.Google Scholar
  17. Mayda, A. M., Keven, H. O., & Richard, S. (2007a). Risk, government and globalization. NBER Working Paper No. 13037.Google Scholar
  18. Mayda, A. M., Keven, H. O., & Richard, S. (2007b). Risk, government and globalization: International survey evidence, NBER Working Paper No. 13037.Google Scholar
  19. Mudde, C. (2016). Europe’s populist surge: A long time in the making. Foreign Affairs, 25–30.Google Scholar
  20. Mudde, C., & Kaltwesser, C.R. (2017). Populism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Pessoa, J. P. (2014). International competition and labour market adjustment. Mimeo LSE.Google Scholar
  22. Rodrik, D. (1998). Why Do more open economies have bigger governments? Journal of Political Economy, 106, 997–1032.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Swank, D., & Betz, H.-G. (2001). Globalization, the welfare state and right-wing populism in Western Europe. Socio-Economic Review, 1, 215–245.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsUniversity of IcelandReykjavikIceland
  2. 2.Birkbeck CollegeUniversity of LondonLondonUK

Personalised recommendations