China’s Increasing Integration into the Indian Ocean World Until Song 宋 Times: Sea Routes, Connections, Trades

  • Angela SchottenhammerEmail author
Part of the Palgrave Series in Indian Ocean World Studies book series (IOWS)


This chapter discusses causes, characteristics and particular developments of China’s increasing integration into the IOW, from antiquity until the thirteenth/fourteenth centuries. Particular emphasis is paid to the role of foreign merchants, especially the active role of Iranian and Arab traders for China’s maritime trade. It also introduces changing ideological concepts of the maritime realm and recent archaeological discoveries.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of SalzburgSalzburgAustria
  2. 2.Research Director of the Indian Ocean World Centre (IOWC)McGill UniversityMontrealCanada

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