Carotid Artery Disease

  • Andreas Kastrup
Part of the Contemporary Cardiology book series (CONCARD)


Stroke is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in North America, affecting over half a million patients at a cost of over $30 billion a year. Depending on the population studied, extracranial internal carotid artery stenosis accounts for approximately 10–15% of ischemic strokes. Aside from these symptomatic cases, large population-based studies indicate that the prevalence of asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis is approximately 0.5% in the sixth decade and increases up to 10% in persons over 80 years of age (Prati et al., Stroke 23(12):1705–1711, 1992).


Angioplasty Atherosclerosis Endarterectomy Transient ischemic attack Stroke 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andreas Kastrup
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of NeurologyKlinikum Bremen-Ost and Klinikum Bremen-MitteBremenGermany

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