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Phases of Dense Matter in Compact Stars

  • David BlaschkeEmail author
  • Nicolas Chamel
Chapter
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 457)

Abstract

Formed in the aftermath of gravitational core-collapse supernova explosions, neutron stars are unique cosmic laboratories for probing the properties of matter under extreme conditions that cannot be reproduced in terrestrial laboratories. The interior of a neutron star, endowed with the highest magnetic fields known and with densities spanning about ten orders of magnitude from the surface to the centre, is predicted to exhibit various phases of dense strongly interacting matter, whose physics is reviewed in this chapter. The outer layers of a neutron star consist of a solid nuclear crust, permeated by a neutron ocean in its densest region, possibly on top of a nuclear “pasta” mantle. The properties of these layers and of the homogeneous isospin asymmetric nuclear matter beneath constituting the outer core may still be constrained by terrestrial experiments. The inner core of highly degenerate, strongly interacting matter poses a few puzzles and questions which are reviewed here together with perspectives for their resolution. Consequences of the dense-matter phases for observables such as the neutron-star mass-radius relationship and the prospects to uncover their structure with modern observational programmes are touched upon.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The work of N.C. was supported by Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique - FNRS (Belgium) under grants n CDR-J.0187.16 and CDR-J.0115.18. D.B. received support from Narodowe Centrum Nauki - NCN (Poland) under contract No. UMO-2014/13/B/ST9/02621 (Opus7) and by the MEPhI Academic Excellence programme under contract no. 02.a03.21.0005. This work was also partially supported by the European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) Action MP1304 NewCompStar.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Theoretical PhysicsUniversity of WroclawWroclawPoland
  2. 2.Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical PhysicsJoint Institute for Nuclear ResearchDubnaRussia
  3. 3.National Research Nuclear University (MEPhI)MoscowRussia
  4. 4.Institute of Astronomy and AstrophysicsUniversité Libre de BruxellesBrusselsBelgium

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