Advertisement

Surface Stabilised Quantum Confined ZnO Nanosystems

  • Ashish Kumar KeshariEmail author
  • Manjeet Singh
  • Manish Sharma
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Physics book series (SPPHY, volume 215)

Abstract

We synthesized the ZnO doped with Mg2+, Cu2+ and Ag+ nanosystems by employing polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), PVP and biotin as organic capping agents by chemical co-precipitation route. All the synthesized materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction for structural analysis and some of the synthesized materials by scanning electron microscopy for the surface morphological analysis. Furthermore we have observed that the surface passivation will lead to structural and size stability of the nanosystems. It was also observed that all the organic polymers employed in the synthesis process have the same effect on the crystallite sizes and will be able to stabilize against growth and agglomeration of the nanoparticles. Controlled synthesis of the nanoparticles leads to the beautiful flakes like morphology.

References

  1. 1.
    R.N. Bhargava, D. Gallagher, X. Hong, A. Nurmikko, Phys. Rev. Letts. 72, 416 (1994)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    E. Bacaksiz, M. Parlak, M. Tomakin, A. Özcelik, M. Karakiz, M. Altunbas, The effect of zinc nitrate, zinc acetate and zinc chloride precursors on investigation of structural and optical properties of ZnO thin films. J. Alloy. Compd. 466, 447–450 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. Wang, J. Cao, B. Fang, P. Lu, S. Deng, H. Wang, Synthesis and characterization of multipod, flower-like, and shuttle-like ZnO frameworks in ionic liquids. Mater. Lett. 59, 1405–1408 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Z.L. Wang, Splendid one-dimensional nanostructures of zinc oxide: a new nanomaterial family for nanotechnology. ACS Nano 2, 1987–1992 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. Chaari, A. Matoussi, Electrical conduction and dielectric studies of ZnO pellets. Phys. B Condens. Matter 407, 3441–3447 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ü. Özgür, Y.I. Alivov, C. Liu, A. Teke, M.A. Reshchikov, S. Doğan, V. Avrutin, S.J. Cho, H. Morkoç, A comprehensive review of ZnO materials and devices. J. Appl. Phys. 98 (2005).  https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1992666ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    S. Bhattacharyya, A. Gedanken, A template-free, sonochemical route to porous ZnO nano-disks. Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 110, 553–559 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    B. Ludi, M. Niederberger, Zinc oxide nanoparticles: chemical mechanism and classical and non-classical crystallization. Dalton Trans. 42, 12554–12568 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    W.S. Chiua, P.S. Khiew, M. Clokea, D. Isaa, T.K. Tana, S. Radimanb, R. Abd-Shukorb, M.A. Abd-Hamid, N.M. Huangc, H.N. Limd et al., Photocatalytic study of two-dimensional ZnO nanopellets in the decomposition of methylene blue. Chem. Eng. J. 158, 345–352 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. Jose-Yacaman, C. Gutierrez-Wing, M. Miki, D.Q. Yang, K.N. Piyakis, E. Sacher, Surface diffusion and coalescence of mobile metal nanoparticles. J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 9703–9711 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    V. Polshettiwar, B. Baruwati, R.S. Varma, Self-asssembly of metal oxides into three-dimensional nanostructures: synthesis and application in catalysis. ACS Nano 3, 728–736 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Q. Xie, Z. Dai, J. Liang, L. Xu, W. Yu, Y. Qian, Synthesis of ZnO three-dimensional architectures and their optical properties. Solid State Commun. 136, 304–307 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. Liu, X. Huang, Y. Li, K.M. Sulieman, F. Sun, X. He, Selective growth and properties of zinc oxide nanostructures. Scr. Mater. 55, 795–798 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    M. Bitenc, Z.C. Orel, Synthesis and characterization of crystalline hexagonal bipods of zinc oxide. Mater. Res. Bull. 44, 381–387 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    U. Koch, A. Fojrik, H. Weller, A. Henglein, Chem. Phys. Lett. 122, 507 (1985)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    L. Spanhel, M.A. Anderson, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 113, 2826 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    A.L. Patterson, Phys. Rev. 56 (1939)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ashish Kumar Keshari
    • 1
    Email author
  • Manjeet Singh
    • 1
  • Manish Sharma
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Applied PhysicsGautam Buddha UniversityGreater NoidaIndia
  2. 2.Department of Applied PhyiscsSharda UniversityGreater NoidaIndia

Personalised recommendations