Contemporary Migrations: Global Movement and Transnationalism

  • Jaine BeswickEmail author
Part of the Language and Globalization book series (LAGL)


In order to contextualise the subsequent discussion of local Island ideologies concerning migrant island communities, Beswick continues her exploration of migration to Jersey in this chapter through a clear examination of post-war, multilingual migratory movement to and from Jersey since 1945. She outlines the significant changes in the socioeconomic context of the late 1940s and early 1950s, also exploring the presence of other types of migration allied to the development of an international banking and finance centre. In doing so, Beswick traces the trajectories and backgrounds of migrants over the past 70 years through some of her empirical fieldwork data. She also examines policy and planning legislation regarding population size as well employment, residency and citizenship. These issues serve to clearly contextualise her subsequent discussion in Chapter  5 of receptor community ideologies and responses to the visibility of migrant communities and their use of languages other than English in situated practices. By considering touristic re-framings and re-imaginings of the Island, Beswick also considers the juxtaposition of Jersey as an island of refuge and an island of privilege and concludes by examining the Island’s reputation as a transitory workspace for those migrants who in the twenty-first century often view it as a stepping-stone to better employment elsewhere.


  1. Aceska, Ana. 2016. Transnational Experts, Rooted Careers. Migrant Professionals from Macedonia in Germany. Südosteuropa 64 (1): 79–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baldacchino, Godfrey. 2005. Islands—Objects of Representation. Geografiska Annaler 87B: 247–251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Baldacchino, Godfrey. 2006. Introduction to New Journal. Islands, Island Studies, Island Studies Journal 1 (1): 3–18.Google Scholar
  4. Basch, Linda, Nina Glick Schiller, and Cristina Blanc-Szanton. 1994. Nations Unbound: Transnational Projects, Postcolonial Predicaments, and Deterritorialized Nation-States. Amsterdam: Gordon and Breach.Google Scholar
  5. BBC Legacies. no date. Immigration and Emigration. See online at: Last accessed 19/05/18.
  6. Beswick, Jaine. 2013. Ideology and Language: Assumed and Authentic Linguistic Practices of Portuguese Migrants in British Workspaces. In Ideological Conceptualisations of Language: Discourses of Linguistic Diversity, ed. Erzebet Barat, Patrick Studer, and Jiri Nekvapil (Special Issue: Prague Papers on Language, Society and Interaction), 119–144. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  7. Beswick, Jaine, and Alicia Pozo-Gutiérrez. 2010. Migrant Identities, Sociolinguistic and Socio-cultural Practices: Spanish and Portuguese Migrations to the South Coast of England. In Portuguese-Speaking Diaspora in Great Britain and Ireland: Special Issue of Portuguese Studies, ed. Jaine Beswick and Mark Dinneen, 26 (1): 41–59.Google Scholar
  8. Bhatt, Rakesh. 2001. World Englishes. Annual Review of Anthropology 30: 527–550.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Blunt, Alison, and Robyn Dowling. 2006. Home: Key Ideas in Geography. Oxford: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Boleat, Mark. 2015. Jersey’s Population—A History. St. Helier, Jersey: Société Jersiaise/Seaflower Books.Google Scholar
  11. Bourdieu, Pierre. 1992. Language and Symbolic Power. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  12. Brah, Avtar. 1996. Cartographies of Diaspora: Contesting Identities (Gender, Racism, Ethnicity). Oxford: Routledge.Google Scholar
  13. British Nationality Act. 1981. See online at: Last accessed 22/05/18.
  14. Conway, Dennis, and Robert B. Potter. 2016. Return of the Next Generations: Transnational Migration and Development in the 21st Century. In Return Migration of the Next Generations: 21st Century Transnational Mobility, ed. Dennis Conway and Robert B. Potter, 1–18. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  15. Czaika, Mathias, and Marc Vothknecht. 2014. Migration and Aspirations—Are Migrants Trapped on a Hedonic Treadmill? IZA Journal of Migration 3 (1): 1–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Eckert, Penelope. 2018. Meaning and Linguistic Variation: The Third Wave in Sociolinguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Faist, Thomas. 2000. Transnationalization in International Migration: Implications for the Study of Citizenship and Culture. Ethnic and Racial Studies 3 (2): 189–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Foner, Nancy. 1997. What’s New About Transnationalism? New York Immigrants Today and at the Turn of the Century. Diaspora 6 (3): 355–375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ford, Doug. 1995. From Langlois to de Sousa: A History of Immigration into Jersey. Public Lecture, Sociétè Jersiaise.Google Scholar
  20. Gillis, John R., and David Lowenthal. 2007. Introduction to Islands. Geographical Review 97 (2): iii–vi.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hall, Stuart. 2003. Cultural Identity and Diaspora. In Theorizing Diaspora, ed. Jana Evans Braziel and Anita Mannur, 233–246. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  22. Hay, Pete. 2006. A Phenomenology of Islands. Island Studies Journal 1 (1): 19–42.Google Scholar
  23. Hilmarsson-Dunn, Amanda, Jaine Beswick, Marián Sloboda, Ivo Vasiljev, Jernej Mirna, and Karl Ille. 2010. Language Use and Employment Opportunities of Economic migrants in Europe: Policy and Practice. In Multilingualism in Contemporary Europe: Challenges for Policy and Practice, ed. P. Stevenson. Special Issue, European Journal of Language Policy (EJLP) 2 (2): 205–228.Google Scholar
  24. Hunt, Peter. 2007. A Brief History of Jersey. St. Helier: Société Jersiaise.Google Scholar
  25. Kivisto, Peter. 2005. Incorporating Diversity: Rethinking Assimilation in a Multicultural Age. Boulder, CO: Paradigm.Google Scholar
  26. Koser, Khalid, and John Salt. 1997. The Geography of Highly Skilled International Migration. International Journal of Population Geography 3: 285–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Le Caudey, Jeff. 1999. Glance Back in Amazement Over Jersey’s Last Millennium: A Thousand Years of History & Invention. St. John, Jersey: Starlight Publishing.Google Scholar
  28. Le Dain, John. 1997. Jersey Alphabet. Bradford on Avon, Wiltshire: Seaflower Books.Google Scholar
  29. Le Feuvre, David. 2005. Jersey: Not Quite British: The Rural History of a Singular People. St. Helier: Seaflower Books.Google Scholar
  30. Olwig, Kenneth R. 2007. Are Islanders Insular? A Personal View. Geographical Review 97 (2): 175–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Phillips, Deborah, David Robinson, Derek McGhee, Paulina Travena, and Sue Heath. 2015. Social Relationships and Relationships in Context: Post-Accession Poles in Southampton. Population, Space and Place 2 (5): 433–445.Google Scholar
  32. Portes, Alejandro, Luis E. Guarnizo, and Patricia Landolt. 1999. Transnational Communities. In The Study of Transnationalism: Pitfalls and Promise of an Emergent Research, ed. Alejandro Portes, Luis E. Guarnizo, and Patricia Landolt. Special Issue, Ethnic and Racial Studies 22 (2): 217–237.Google Scholar
  33. Riddell, Adam. 2007. Jersey: The Development of an Island Cultural Strategy. Shima: The International Journal of Research into Island Cultures 1 (1): 72–87.Google Scholar
  34. Skutnabb-Kangas, Tove. 2000. Linguistic Genocide in Education—Or Worldwide Diversity and Human Rights? London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  35. Smith, Michael Peter, and Luís Eduardo Guarnizo (eds.). 2017. Transnationalism from Below: Comparative Urban and Community Research. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  36. States of Jersey Census. 2011. See online at: Last accessed 19/05/18.
  37. States of Jersey Population. 2016. See online at: Last accessed 19/05/18.
  38. States of Jersey Statistics Unit. 2014. Jersey in Figures 2014. See online at: Last accessed 19/05/18.
  39. States of Jersey Statistics Unit. 2015. Jersey Annual Social Survey. See online at: Last accessed 20/05/18.
  40. Stock, Femke. 2010. Home and memory. In Diasporas: Concepts, Intersections, Identities, ed. Kim Knott and Sean McLoughlin, 24–28. London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
  41. Syvret, Marguerite. 2011. Balleine’s History of Jersey. Stroud: The History Press.Google Scholar
  42. Trevena, Paulina, Derek McGhee, and Sue Heath. 2013. Location, Location? A Critical Examination of Patterns and Determinants of Internal Mobility Among Post-accession Polish Migrants in the UK. Population, Space and Place 19 (6): 671–687.Google Scholar
  43. Vertovec, Steven. 2002. Transnational Networks and Skilled Labour Migration. Paper given at Ladenburger Diskurs ‘Migration’, Ladenburg, 14–15 February 2002. See online at: Last accessed 30/05/19.
  44. Williams, Glyn. 2005. Multimedia, Minority Languages and the New Economy. Noves SL. Revista De Sociolingüística (Winter 2005). See online at: Last accessed 24/10/19.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Modern Languages and LinguisticsUniversity of SouthamptonSouthamptonUK

Personalised recommendations